INTERNATIONAL DIVISION OF LABOUR AS A BASIS FOR INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

Nadiia Kryvenko

Анотація


. Introduction.  The growing importance of international economic integration in the world is confirmed by the increase of the number of integration groups, their development, expansion, as well as the attempt to unite among themselves separate integration groups. One of the prerequisites for the creation and development of them is the international division of labor, so the question of the place of the countries in it is significant, as it determines their participation in integration groups, and the development of both groups and individual countries them, etc. Depending on the country's place in the international division of labor, it is possible to analyze and forecast the development of integration groups,  which members they are.

Purpose.  Study of the significance of the international division of labor for the development of international economic integration, specifying the features of its influence, taking into account the levels of economic development of countries, as well as - international economic integration into the place of the member-states of the grouping in the international division of labor.

Results.  The importance of the international division of labor is increasing for the economic development of each country, in particular taking into account the establishment of integration factions. The number of them is increasing, both between developed countries and those developing. Many recearchers see the reason and premise of international economic integration in the international division of labor. However, it is thought, that the traditional free trade area no longer matches the new requirements of the international division of labor. In turn, the removal of trade barriers that is characteristic of integration processes influences the division of labor. The influence of the international division of labor on competition is also important, which was one of the reasons for European integration. It is worth paying attention to the identity of the concepts of the international division of labor and specialization, which may contribute to the expansion of the country's place in the world market and the deepening of integration. It is important to consider how integration will affect the specialization of developing countries in the integration with developed countries. In today's conditions, the development of the international division of labor, in particular intra-industry trade, is one of the main reasons for successful integration, the association will not always facilitate the transfer of production. Integration affects the development of the international division of labor, although the division is the basis of the integration.  In addition, it is worth paying attention to which countries are integrated, because countries that are developing for association with the developed countries are especially sensitive.

Conclusion.  International division of labor is the basis for the development of international economic integration, and in today's conditions, the development of scientific and technological progress is of particular importance. The influence of integration on the division of labor is particularly significant for developing countries, it is very important the  level of economic development of countries with which they are united. At the present stage, special attention should be paid to problems of development of intra-industry trade, vertically integrated structures, which also determine the directions of integration. Given the development of integration and the possible effects, it is necessary to promote the development of scientific potential, which will determine the country's place in the international division of labor, the prospects of integration, as well as the position of the country within the group, as well as the group on the world market.

 


Ключові слова


international division of labor, international economic integration, competitiveness, free trade area, common market, customs barriers, internationalization, foreign trade, specialization, world market, world economic relations, economic development

Посилання


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