International movement of qualified human resources: motives, directions and consequences

T.I. Romashchenko

Анотація


Abstract.


Introduction. Nowadays outrunning socioeconomic development of countries is the result of their capability to accumulate qualified human resources in good supply. Knowing that developed countries by various means try to enlarge their human capital importing highly-skilled labour force from abroad. At the same time developing countries, being unable to provide their specialists with appropriate living and working conditions, are forced to let qualified human resources go oversea. Such “brain drain” promotes socioeconomic and technological leadership of the former as well as aggravates underdevelopment of the latter.


Purpose – to reveal basic motives that influence international flows of highly-skilled labour force formation; to single out main directions of qualified labour migrants interstate shift; to analyse socioeconomic consequences of “brain drain” for key participants of the process; to make proposals for source countries concerning minimization of negative outcomes of qualified staff international movement.


Results. Discovering peculiarities of qualified human resources international movement in recent time fundamental motives forming international flows of highly-skilled labour force in the world were revealed. In particular it was proved that shaky material situation as well as the absence of necessary conditions for professional self-fulfillment make highly-skilled labour force migrate. Also outlined main directions of qualified labour migrants interstate shift: argued that basically qualified human resources move from the developing countries to developed ones, less often – in the opposite direction. Characterised positive and negative socioeconomic consequences of “brain drain” in certain groups of countries.


Originality. Asserted that the developing (source) countries, despite all the objections of some western and Ukrainian scientists, suffer from the process. As a result the proposals for source countries concerning minimization of negative outcomes of qualified staff international movement were made.


 


Conclusion. Source countries of highly-skilled labour force can reckon on socioeconomic and technological development only in case of their human capital preservation. For this reason they should not only do their best in order to improve living standards domestically, but also demand from the developed countries a fair compensation for rendered “intellect” assistance


Ключові слова


international migration; qualified human resources; labour migrants; “brain drain”; source countries; motives; directions; socioeconomic consequences

Посилання


References

1. Ivahnjuk, I. V. (2005). International labour migration. Moscow: MGU/TEIS (in Russ.).

2. Capenko, I. (2007). Wheels of international population migration. Mirovaja jekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija (World Economy and International Relations), 3, 3-14 (in Russ.).

3. Glushhenko, G. (2005). The influence of highly-skilled workers migration on the world economic development. Obshhestvo i jekonomika (Society and Economy), 3, 174-207 (in Russ.).

4. Capenko, I. (2005). International migration of specialists and students. Voprosy jekonomiki (Economic Matters), 7, 66-81 (in Russ.).

5. Capenko, I. (2004). The role of immigration in the economy of developed countries. Mirovaja jekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija (World Economy and International Relations), 5, 27-39 (in Russ.).

6. (2007, July 3). The Ukrainian scientists massively immigrate in the USA. Holos Ukrainy (The Voice of Ukraine), pp. 7 (in Ukr.).

7. Karpachova, N. (2007). The world challenge of highly-skilled labour force migration and brain drain from Ukraine. Bezpeka zhyttiediial'nosti (Life Activity Safety), 10, 15-20 (in Ukr.).

8. Сastles, S., & Miller, M. J. (1993). The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

9. Mel'nikov, I. A. (1988). Destinies of immigrant workers in Occident. Moscow: Znanie (in Russ.).

10. Hajduts'kyj, A. (2007). Eurolabourers. Biznes (Business), 16, 23-27 (in Russ.).

11. Jonker, B. (2005). Wasted human resources: employers ignore refugees’ potential. Forced Migration Review, 23, 33-35.

12. Peixoto, J. (2001). The International Mobility of Highly Skilled Workers in Transnational Corporations: The Macro and Micro Factors of the Organizational Migration of Cadres. International Migration Review, 35(4), 1030-1053.

13. Satzewich, V. (2002). The Ukrainian Diaspora. London-New York: Routledge.

14. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2015). Retrieved February 5, 2016, from http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/officialcategory?cat_id=247077361

15. Iredale, R. (2000). Migration Policies for the Highly Skilled in the Asia-Pacific Region. International Migration Review, 34(3), 882-906.

16. Metelev, S. E.  (2006). International labour migration and illegal migration in Russia. Moscow: JuNITI-DANA (in Russ.).

17. Romashchenko, T. I., & Romashchenko, K. M. (2014). Labour migrants remittances and their influence on the development of Ukraine. Visnyk Cherkas'koho universytetu. Seriia Ekonomichni nauky (Cherkasy University Bulletin: Economic Series), 4 (297), 129-136 (in Ukr.).

 

 


Повний текст: PDF

Посилання

  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.
Архів
2015 4 12   24 33
2016 1 2   3 4
2017 1 2 2 (Ч.2) 3 4 (Ч.1) 4 (Ч.2)
2018 1 2   3 4  
2019 1          

Користувач

Інформація

Зміст журналу

Перегляд

Мова