CONSTRUCTION OF THE EFFICIENT SYSTEM OF THE TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION OF THE POWER IN UKRAINE IS AN IMPORTANT CAPABILITY OF REFORM OF DECENTRALIZATION
Introduction. After the proclamation of independence in Ukraine, a course was launched to create a system of state governance on the principle of decentralization ("from the bottom up"). Although in the years of independence, much has been done in terms of decentralization of power, but the problems that have accumulated in this area are still far from being resolved. One of the important problems is the construction of an effective system of territorial organization of power. Its solution is particularly important in the context of the formation of capable territorial communities.
Purpose. The purpose of the article is to isolate and analyze certain measures necessary to improve the territorial basis of local self-government and executive authorities in the context of the formation of capable territorial communities.
Methods. Method of theoretical analyses is used.
Results. On the basis of publications and materials related to the decentralization reform in Ukraine, the key measures aimed at improving the territorial basis of local self-government and executive authorities in the context of the formation of capable territorial communities are identified and analyzed, namely: 1) optimization of the system of the administrative-territorial organization of the country; 2) planning of a network of capable territorial communities; 3) the formation of capable territorial communities; 4) voluntary adherence of territorial communities to already established united territorial communities (UTG), cities of oblast significance and the city of Kyiv; 5) stimulation by the state of the process of creation of UTG; 6) justification of the network of sectoral territorial units.
Originality. Based on the study of foreign experience and Ukrainian realities, the Italian version of the division of administrative-territorial units of the NUTS-2 level (on average by 5-6 units of level NUTS-3) was not supported by the lower population density, low level of motorization of rural population, off-road, etc. It is proved that for Poland the Polish variant is more acceptable in which units of the level NUTS-2 are immediately divided into units of the level LAU-1 (not less than five). It is critically an attempt to collapse the regional level of management, passing the main functions of district state administrations of UTG, because this will lead to "optimization" (due to impossibility of retention) of networks of educational, hospital and other institutions and, accordingly, will lead to further degradation of rural areas. The criteria of allocation in the UTG of the capable central and pastoral districts are proposed. The value of state aid for the formation of a capable UTG is revealed. The relevance of the allocation of sectoral territorial units in connection with medical and educational reforms (hospitals and educational districts) is shown.
Conclusion. The reform of decentralization in Ukraine objectively requires the improvement of the territorial basis of local self-government and executive authorities. This is most needed for the formation of capable territorial communities. The concrete measures that must be implemented in this regard should not adversely affect the development of rural areas and create additional difficulties for citizens in terms of access to administrative, medical, educational and other services.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2014). On Approval of the Concept of Reforming Local Self-Government and Territorial Organization of Power in Ukraine: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated April 1, 2014 No. 333-r. Retrieved from http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/333-2014-%D1%80/ (in Ukr.).
Bespalyi, V. V. (2016). Modeling of administrative-territorial units as a stage of preparation of decentralization of local self-government. Ekonomika i orhanizatsiia upravlinnia (Economy and organization of management), 4, 295–303 (in Ukr.).
Vlasiuk, O. S. (2015). Status and problems of reforming the administrative-territorial organization of Ukraine. Rehionalna ekonomika (Regional economy), 3, 16–23 (in Ukr.).
Hanushchak, Yu. I. (2013). Reform of the territorial organization of power. Kyiv: TOV «Sofiia–A» (in Ukr.).
Zhuk, P. V. (2015). Methodological approaches to modeling territorial communities of the basic level in the process of administrative-territorial reform in Ukraine. Rehionalna ekonomika (Regional economy), 2, 5–13 (in Ukr.).
Pelekhatyy, A. O. (2016). Specific features of formation of self-sufficient combined communities in Ukraine. Rehionalna ekonomika (Regional economy), 4, 15–21.
Symonenko, V. K. (2017). Reforms: administrative-territorial, administrative and decentralization – triune. Rehionalna ekonomika (Regional economy), 2, 5–9 (in Ukr.).
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2018). Decentralization reform: Government portal. Retrieved from https://www.kmu.gov.ua/ua/diyalnist/reformi/reforma-decentralizaciyi (in Ukr.).
Miskyi, V. V. (Ed.) (2016). Road map of reforms (September 2016 - December 2017). Kyiv (in Ukr.).
DESPRO: Swiss-Ukrainian Decentralization Project (2018). Retrieved from http://despro.org.ua/social-projects/pidtrymka-reform-z-detsentralizatsiyi-v-ukrayini/pro-reformi/ (in Ukr.).
Shablii, O. I. (1994). Osnovy sotsialno-ekonomichnoho raionuvannia. In O. I. Shablii (Ed.). Sotsialno-ekonomichna heohrafiia Ukrainy. Lviv: Svit, 444-453 (in Ukr.).
Dnistrianskyi, M. S. (2014). Politychna heohrafiia Ukrainy: Teach. manual. Lviv: Lviv Ivan Franko National University (in Ukr.).
Kolomiiets, I. F. & Pelekhatyi A. O. (2017). Theoretical and practical aspects of the formation of united territorial communities in Ukraine. Ekonomika Ukrainy (Economy of Ukraine), 4, 46–55 (in Ukr.).
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2015). Methodology for the formation of capable territorial communities: Approved by the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated April 1, 2015 No. 333. Retrieved from http://www.minregion.gov.ua/attachments/content-attachments/4220/Metodyka%20formuvannia%20spromozhnykh%20terytorialnykh%20hromad.pdf (in Ukr.).
Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine (2018). Monitoring the process of decentralization of power and reform of local self-government as of October 10, 2018. Kyiv. Retrieved from https://storage.decentralization.gov.ua/uploads/library/file/318/10.10.2018.pdf (in Ukr.).
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2015). Perspective plan for the formation of communities of Zhytomyr region: approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from August 12, 2015, No. 901 (as amended by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated February 1, 2017, No. 58-p). Retrieved from http://oda.zt.gov.ua/perspektivnij-plan-formuvannya-teritorij-gromad-zhitomirskoi-0blasti/ (in Ukr.).
- Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.