CURRENT STATUS OF REGULATORY PROVISION OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE AND THE WORLD
Introduction. The experience of state regulation in resource management issues proves that the executive authorities do not provide a sufficient level of influence on the efficiency of use of resources by economic entities. The main objectives of these bodies are to implement public policies to ensure economic growth in the sector or region concerned. However, the issue of resource management by these bodies is not sufficiently addressed. That is why the issue of researching the regulatory framework in the field of resource management is quite relevant today.
Purpose. The purpose of the article is to identify and analyze the main indicators of resource efficiency of Ukraine, to compare these data with indicators of other countries of the world, to systematize the legal framework governing the issue of resource management at the micro and macro levels both in Ukraine and in the leading countries of the world.
Results. The analysis of energy intensity indicators of GDP of Ukraine and other countries of the world, which have minimum and maximum values of this indicator, calculated the growth rate in recent years, graphically shows the dynamics of this indicator relative to the global average. In addition, the dynamics of energy production and consumption indicators in Ukraine for the years 2010-2018 was determined. As a result of this study, Ukraine was found to be ranked 1st in the world in terms of GDP energy intensity. The leaders in GDP energy intensity are also Russia, Kazakhstan, Canada, etc. The lowest rate is observed in EU countries as well as Turkey and Japan. One of the important means of reducing the state’s resource dependency and improving the efficiency of resource use is state regulation. In today’s economic context, the need to improve the current regulatory framework becomes even more important. That is why the article focuses on the study of the regulatory framework in the field of regulation of resource conservation management in Ukraine and EU countries, as these countries have the best indicators of GDP energy intensity.
Originality. The influence of regulatory support of issues of resource saving management on the state resource efficiency indicators has been determined. The legal and regulatory framework of Ukraine and other countries of the world was generalized and compared. Deficiencies in the legal support that exist in Ukraine have been identified.
Conclusion. Ukraine is the leader in terms of GDP energy intensity. In addition, there is a significant shortage of energy resources, which weakens the country’s energy security. Ukraine does not provide a systematic approach to addressing resource management issues. The problems of resource efficiency, which are key in the implementation of the policies of many developed countries of the world, have not been the subject of constant attention at the state level in our country. The EU, Japan, and the US, with impressive energy-saving success, have focused on more complex tasks - implementing resource efficiency programs that have led to a gradual decline in resource consumption and GDP. In addition to government regulation, the overall state of resource conservation and resource efficiency is also significantly influenced by corporate policy in this area of individual entities. For all enterprises trying to implement an effective resource management and resource-saving development policy, it is important to create an organizational and economic mechanism for managing the resource-saving development of the enterprise, which includes the regulatory framework governing these issues. Therefore, prospects for further scientific research are to create an effective organizational and economic management mechanism in the direction of resource saving and resource-saving development of the enterprise.
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