Transformation of the agricultural markets structure at the modern stage of scientific progress

E.M. Kyryliuk

Анотація


In the article the tendencies of scientific and technical progress influence on transformation of structure of agrarian market are exposed. The peculiarities of modification of agricultural production and filling of the agricultural market during the "green revolution" and "genetic revolution" are explained. Reasons of unevenness of world agrarian market development, origins of disproportions that brake the tendencies of smoothing of standard of living of population of planet, are educed. It is emphasized that in a post-industrial transformation of modern economies resulting impact on agricultural production STP became its division into three types of technological systems and therefore differentiation world agricultural market into three segments: traditional market, genetically modified and organic products.

It is certain that appearance science absorbing GMresource that is grown in the conditions of high level of protection of intellectual ownership rights, created pre-conditions for the increase of level of monopolization of world agrarian market. Benefits from wide introduction of genic technologies in agriculture get, foremost, the developed countries - in practice a natural barrier on the way of distribution of these technologies is a peculiar on the results of biotechnological researches.It is well-proven that presently vertical integration is practically the only organizational form of production and sale, that in the conditions of hard protection of intellectual ownership rights provides penetration of science absorbing technologies in all links of agrarian products advancement.

It is certain that commodity innovations on the basis of genetically modified and organic raw material went on fundamentally new directions, many of that will determine agrofood market development on the nearest decades.


Ключові слова


technological progress; «green revolution»; «genetic revolution»; the agricultural market; genetically modified products; organic products; biotechnology; vertical integration

Посилання


Qaim М. Agricultural biotechnology in developing countries: towards optimizing the benefits for the poor / M. Qaim, A. Krattiger, J. von Braun. – Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000. – 433 р.

Van Zanten J. Food Biotechnology: European and North American Regulatory Approaches and Public Acceptance: A Traveling Workshop [Електронний ресурс] / J. Van Zanten, A. Krattiger, R. Hautea. – Режим доступу: http://www.isaaa.org/ resources/publications/briefs/18/ default.html.

Willer H. The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2011 [Електронний ресурс] / H. Willer, L. Kilcher (Eds.). – Bonn: IFOAM & FiBL, 2011. – 32 p. – Режим доступу: http://www.organic-world.net/fileadmin/documents/yearbook/2011/world-of-organic-agriculture-2011-page-1-34.pdf.

Willer H. The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2007 [Електронний ресурс] / H. Willer, M. Yussefi (Eds.). – 9th edition, totally revised and updated. – Bonn: IFOAM & FiBL, 2007. – 252 p. – Режим доступу: http://orgprints.org/10506/3/willer-yussefi-2007-world-of-organic.pdf.

Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S. [Електронний ресурс] / United States Department of Agriculture: Data Sets. – Режим доступу: http://ers.usda.gov/Data/BiotechCrops.

Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) [Електронний ресурс] / U.S. Food and Drug Administration. – Режим доступу: http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/FSMA/ucm 243087.htm.

Organic food [Електронний ресурс] / Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. – Режим доступу: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organic_food.

Ревенко Л. Мировой рынок продовольствия в эпоху «генной» революции / Л. Ревенко. – М.: Экономика, 2002. – 301 с.


Повний текст: PDF

Посилання

  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.
Архів
2015 4 12   24 33
2016 1 2   3 4
2017 1 2 2 (Ч.2) 3 4 (Ч.1) 4 (Ч.2)
2018 1 2   3 4  
2019 1          

Користувач

Інформація

Зміст журналу

Перегляд

Мова