OBJECTIVE NECESSITY FOR A SOCIAL REVIVAL OF THE VILLAGE

Anna ZBARSKA, Viktoriia OVADENKO

Abstract


Introduction. The problem of rural social regeneration has grown into a national task in view of the constant reduction of the resource potential of the agricultural sector of the economy and the threat to the country's food security.

Purpose. The purpose of the article is to research the current state of socio-economic development of rural territories in order to find directions for solving the problems of village revival as a guarantor of the country’s food security.

Research methodology. In the basic theoretical and methodological construction of the research is the general scientific methods of scientific knowledge, as well as the interdisciplinary scientific research’s basis, institutional methodologies. The methodological basis of the developed problem composes the scientific experience of foreign and domestic scientists.

Applied aspects of the problematic discussion are based on the knowledge systematization on determining the institutional priorities for the revival of the Ukrainian village and the socio-economic effects of its development as a particular economic entity. The usage of the methodological apparatus of the institutional (institutional) theory made it possible to identify features and determine the organizational effectiveness of the “rules of the game” established by the state and the market, which ensured the approval of the existing typological complex of family farming in Ukraine as the basis for the revival of rural settlements. Economic calculations made it possible to methodically substantiate aspects of the current state affairs, to determine the potential dynamics and to characterize the prospect of the family farming development as a special model of rural management.

Results. The institutional specifics of the Ukrainian village’s revival are theoretically and methodologically substantiated. Moreover, the government of Ukraine has the opportunity to mitigate the negative socio-economic phenomena that occur in rural areas. It is proved that the main reason for the villages’ extinction of is demographic.

The world tendencies and the global tradition of presenting family business in rural areas with the comparison of the practice of the national economic complex, as well as the identification of specific institutional and legal support are considered.

The modern conditions of development, the institutional support factors for the peasants’ employment in Ukraine, the basics of the formation of its organizational and economic model are analyzed.

It has been established that, due to highly efficient machinery, land cultivation no longer requires millions of workers, and where necessary, hired labor of seasonal workers, often foreign ones, is used. Thus, the corresponding rural areas lose the economic basis of existence, and, refusing, adapt to changes, migrating to cities and outside Ukraine.

Originality. It has been established that the problem of the revival of the Ukrainian countryside and rural territories is not a purely Ukrainian problem, but a European-wide trend. Caused by deep economic and technological factors, it cannot be stopped by any national government. That is why, the solution to the problem of revival involves bringing to this the forces and energies of all subjects of the country. There is a necessity to inform the society about the essence of the problem and the way to solve it, that is, to form the village revival’s ideology. We are talking about changes in the socio-economic structure, so this requires a large-scale outreach and advocacy.

Conclusions. The results of the study can be used to develop legal norms of institutional incentives of solving the problem of the revival of the Ukrainian village through the development of family farming as the basis for the formation of a new country’s social structure. The usage of provisions of scientific discourse in research activities on the problems of socio-economic revival of the village is the priority. 


Keywords


family farm, management, organizational and economic model, efficiency, society, economy, socio-economic development, peasantry

References


Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary (1997). Moskow: INFRA-М, 576 p. (in Rus.)

Dal V.I. (1978). Explanatory dictionary of living Great Russian language. Moskow: Russian language. V. 1. 699 p. (in Rus.)

Ozhegov S.I. (1987). Dictionary of the Russian language: approx. 57 thousand words. Moskow: Rus. Iaz., 797 p. (in Rus.)

Academic Interpretative Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (1970-1980). V.1. URL: http://sum.in.ua/ (Accessed: 20.11.2019).

Kene F. (1960). Selected Economic Works. Moskow: Izdatel'stvovo sots.-ekon. Literatury, 551 p. (in Rus.)

Demography in Ukraine: population reduction and risks to the economy. URL: https://ua.news › demografiya-ukrayiny-skorochennya (Accessed: 21.01.2019).

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (official site). URL: http: /www.ukrstat.gov.ua (Accessed: 06.12.2019).

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2019). Agriculture of Ukraine for 2018: Statistical collection. Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 235 p. (in Ukr.)

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2019). Socio-demographic characteristics of Ukrainian households in 2019: Statistical compilation (2019). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 87 p. (in Ukr.)

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2019). Balances and Consumption of Basic Foodstuffs of the Population of Ukraine: Statistical Collection 2018. Kiev: State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 59 p. (in Ukr.)

Libanova E. (2007). How to overcome the demographic crisis. Pratsya i zarplata (Labor and wages), 12, 4–5.

Resolution of The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine «A demographic crisis in Ukraine. Its causes and consequences». Holos Ukrayiny from 24.06.2003. № 115 (in Ukr.).

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2019). Demographic Yearbook «Population of Ukraine for 2018». Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 187 p. (in Ukr.).

Libanova E.M. (2008). Poverty of the Ukrainian population: methodology, methods and practice of analysis: Monograph. Kyiv, 330 p. (in Ukr.).

Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2016). State Target Program for the Development of the Ukrainian Village for the Period up to 2015: Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine September 19, 2007. № 1158. URL: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua (Accessed: 13.09.2016).

Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2015). State Target Program for Sustainable Development of Rural Territories for the Period up to 2020: Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of December 10, 2011. URL: http: //170820.minagro.web. (Accessed: 15.09.2016).


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Archive
2015 4 12   24 33  
2016 1 2   3 4  
2017 1 2 (V.1) 2 (V.2) 3 4 (V.1) 4 (V.2)
2018 1 2   3 4  
2019 1 2   3 4  
2020 1 2   3 4  
2021 1          

User

Information

Journal Content

Browse

Language