THEORETICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF RESOURCE SAVING MANAGEMENT
Main Article Content
Introduction. The emergence of scientific achievements in terms of saving various resources, especially material, resource conservation programs, diversity of research on this issue, a wide range of areas and areas of resource conservation and energy saving require systematization of scientific knowledge, specification and continuous improvement of categorical management. potential at the micro and macro level, which justifies the feasibility of developing new approaches to resource management and resource-saving development.
Purpose. The purpose of the article is generalization of theoretical bases of resource saving management.
Results. Theoretical views and organizational support of the theory of resource conservation are generalized. The categorical apparatus of resource saving is investigated. Resources are considered depending on the level of management at which they are used (operational, tactical and strategic). It is proved that the definition of "resources" can be positioned within four main approaches: an integrated approach (stocks, values, opportunities and sources of their formation); production approach (basic elements of production potential); structural approach (set of material, financial, energy, technical means and labor); property approach (assets, ie property in its tangible and intangible forms). The own definition of resources as different values which in case of need can be used in the course of creation of values of the highest order (product, service) for the purpose of satisfaction of needs of consumers is presented.
Originality. Taking into account the diversity of classifications and features of resource typing, it is proposed to define the following as the main types of enterprise resources: natural, tangible, intangible, financial, human, informational, temporal and structural-organizational. This classification is proposed to take into account the characteristics and distinctive characteristics of resources, and at the same time no longer overload the detailed division of resources, because, for example, intellectual resources are derived from labor and intangible resources, and technical and technological - from tangible and intangible resources. Thus, the proposed classification, on the one hand, identifies the most significant types of resources and covers all their diversity, on the other - does not burden the "extra" types and types of resources that are derived from other resources or from combining several types of resources. Based on the proposed classification, these types of resources can be defined as production resources. Thus, the production resources of the enterprise - is a set of resources through which the company receives financial results in the process of expanded reproduction, transformation and accumulation in other types of resources in order to achieve economic effect.
Conclusion. These classifications allow further analysis of production resources and their impact on production processes and the efficiency of the enterprise. the classification features of typification of production resources of the enterprise are defined. It is substantiated that the production resources of the enterprise depending on their origin can be divided into different groups and types: by natural form of involvement, urgency of involvement, use in the production process, availability, nature of use and other characteristics. One of the most important tasks facing the management of modern enterprises is the choice of functions, methods, principles, tools with which to manage resource conservation.
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