ANALYSIS OF THE PARK OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND THE EFFICIENCY OF THE MODULAR APPLICATION OF ELECTROBUSES IN MEGAPOLIS
Introduction. The rapid development of the transportation industry has led to many serious problems, such as energy shortages, environmental degradation in the world, major accidents and more. Therefore, the application and implementation of green technologies in transport is an urgent task and the solution of which begins with the analysis and structuring of all its components.
The purpose of the work is comparative analysis of the performance of different types of electric buses, which are planned in the near future or already in use in the world.
Results. The article is devoted to the study of the introduction of the concept of modular use of electric buses, which involves the use of electric tractor and passenger electric trailers. Particular attention is given to urban bus transport. A comparative analysis of the main advantages and disadvantages of electric cars over gasoline and diesel cars is conducted. Ways to develop and use electric buses in major cities of developed countries are analyzed.
Originality. The modular organization of the formation of a passenger electric bus depending on the passenger traffic is proposed, that is, the city carrier will be able to regulate the capacity of the bus, rationally using rolling stock.
Conclusion. Effective use of this system implies that the tractor unit can grip and work not only with passenger, but also with cargo and special trailer modules. This versatility helps to reduce overall costs for the trucking business as a whole. The implementation of this system brings not only the economic component, but also the improvement of the environmental situation in the cities, cities and in the country as a whole by expanding the use of electric trucks. This will give impetus to the development of efficient public transport and its efficient use. But in order to achieve this goal, the automotive industry must be tasked with developing a modular mobile bus system and providing a wide urban and suburban charging station network in accordance with European environmental safety standards.
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